CCHR: Changes to Florida Law Helps Protect Children and Parental Rights

During the 2021 legislative session Florida lawmakers passed two bills that greatly increased the protection of children and parental rights. The School Safety Bill put in place language which requires parental notification before a child can be taken into custody for an involuntary examination, commonly known as a Baker Act. This law allows for individuals of any age, including children, to be taken into custody for an involuntary psychiatric examination and transported to a facility for evaluation, often by law enforcement and in handcuffs. The passage of the Parents’ Bill of Rights also made it clear that it is the right of the parent to direct the mental health of their child and that the state should not infringe on this right. [1]

The passage of these bills followed on the heels of an alarming report released by the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC). Titled “Costly and Cruel” this report revealed the abusive use of Florida’s Baker Act. As reported by the the SPLC, “More than 37,000 times each year, children across the state have the Baker Act used against them largely by schools, police and foster care facilities. Sometimes – for even very minor infractions and normal adolescent behavior – they are handcuffed by police, taken in cop cars and deeply traumatized as they are carted off for days at a time to psychiatric facilities for an involuntary psychiatric exam, where they may or may not get to speak with their family.” [2]

Shortly after the passage of these bills the SPLC filed a class action lawsuit on the Palm Beach County School District, the Department of Justice settled with the Volusia County School District and two months later another lawsuit was filed on the Volusia County School Board. All of these cases involve claims of misuse of the Baker Act against children. [3]

Unfortunately, the changes made by the Florida Legislature as to how the Baker Act can be used in schools are still often misunderstood and misused prompting the Florida chapter of the Citizens Commission on Human Rights to offer workshops on the mental health law.

“It really should be quite simple. Parents have the right to direct the mental health care of their children and by law should be given the opportunity to make these decisions,” stated the President for CCHR in Florida, Diane Stein. “It is imperative that these changes are understood by schools, mental health professionals and law enforcement.”

The workshop is delivered by attorney Carmen Miller, a former assistant public defender in the Thirteenth Circuit in Tampa, who has an extensive background in dealing with Baker Acts. Hosted by CCHR, the event covers the context and intentions of the mental health law, basic human rights impacted by the Baker Act, changes to the Baker Act process for children and the unintended consequences of involuntary psychiatric examinations. The next complimentary virtual event is scheduled for Saturday, November 20th, 2021 from 1:00 PM to 2:30 PM. To learn more or to reserve a spot, please call 727-442-8820 or send an email to


[1] School Safety Bill and the Parents’ Bill of Rights

[2] Costly and Cruel: Thousands of Florida children suffer the harm and indignity of involuntary, and often illegal, commitment to psychiatric facilities

[3] ADVOCACY GROUPS, PARENTS AND STUDENTS SUE PALM BEACH COUNTY SCHOOL DISTRICT FOR HARMFUL, ILLEGAL USE OF THE BAKER ACT and Justice Department Settles with Florida’s Volusia County School District to Protect Students with Disabilities from Classroom Removals and Other Discrimination and Parent of student with autism files $50 million lawsuit against Volusia School Board

Citizens Commission on Human Rights of Florida
Citizens Commission on Human Rights of Florida
109 North Fort Harrison Avenue

United States

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